Posts Tagged ‘excessive water retention’

Why Is Bumex Prescribed?

October 25th, 2011

Congestive heart failure, Cirrhosis and kidney disease are often conditions for which Bumex is prescribed for. It specifically is for the edema that is caused by these conditions. This diuretic helps the body discard the excess fluids that tend to be caused by these conditions. It is also called a “water pill.” The medical profession considers it a “loop diuretic,” because of the section of the kidneys that is affected. It works in the loop of Henle to increase the amount of water and salt that is thrown off by this organ. This process increases the amount of urine the body puts off.

Congestive heart failure can cause the body to retain fluids. The heart is not able to adequately pump blood through the body. It isn’t a condition where the heart has stopped working; it just cannot pump the blood effectively. Along with water retention it can also cause swelling of ankles, legs or feet. Although Bumex is not a cure for congestive heart failure it can help the body to rid itself of excess fluids.

It is also used for other conditions which cause dangerous fluid retention such as cirrhosis of the liver or kidney failure. It is only effective in treating fluid retention which is a symptom of the disease. It is not a cure for the conditions it simply helps control the symptom so that they do not cause other complications.

When prescribed for water retention this pharmaceutical product is usually given in a small dose and taken once per day. Usually the dosage of Bumex ranges from 0.5 to 2 mg per day. The physician may prescribe more if the first dose does not achieve the desired effect. It can also be taken periodically throughout the day if needed. It can be increased up to a maximum of 10 mg per day. It comes in a small tablet which is usually taken by mouth in the mornings. It will not hurt to take it either with food, or on an empty stomach. It is very important to take this medication exactly as the doctor prescribes it.

It is 40 times stronger than a similar common diuretic, Lasix. There are many people who are allergic to Lasix and so Bumex makes a very good alternative for helping the body get rid of excess fluids.

Since this drug is a diuretic which gets rid of excess fluids so that they do not build up in the body, it is best to take it in the mornings. This will help prevent several trips to the bathroom during g the night. It is important to note that it will increase urination and so fluid intake should be increased. This will help prevent dehydration and other complications.

Some other medications may interact adversely with this drug. Some blood pressure medications should not be taken with Bumex, and some prescription anti-inflammatory drugs. If an overdose occurs it can cause issues with the circulatory system and reduction of the volume of blood. It can also cause serious dehydration.

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Side Effects of Bumex

October 15th, 2011

Bumex is a diuretic which is commonly prescribed for excessive fluid retention. It is given to patients who have conditions that cause the body to retain water such as congestive heart failure, kidney disease or Cirrhosis. It causes the kidneys to increase urine so that excessive amounts of salt and water are removed from the body. There are a few side effects which patients need to be aware of.

Any medication, whether prescribed or obtained over the counter can have possible side effects. It is important to note that these are not common to every single person who takes the medication. They are simply possible when it is taken. Most of these are minor and will be easily treated by the doctor. Only occasionally do serious ones happen and need immediate medical attention.

When a medication like Bumex is being studied by use of clinical trials, a group of people are given the drug and another group is not. The two groups are compared and any side effects are documented. This makes it possible to find any possible side effects and how often they tend to occur. This information is compared with that taken from the group not taking the medications.

There are some common effects found in those who have taken Bumex. This is a chemical change and is found by taking a blood test. Among the items cited are low chloride or potassium levels in the blood. Blood tests can also uncover high blood sugar levels or increased serum creatine. This can be serious as it inhibits kidney function. Another chemical change in the blood is increased levels of waste products.

Other common changes were in the levels of calcium, bicarbonate, carbon dioxide and phosphorus. The change in these levels can cause other symptoms such as muscle cramps or dizziness. Some may experience low blood pressure, headaches or nausea. Bumex can cause a decrease in how many platelets are in the blood. Some also experience dry mouth, unusual tiredness or muscle weakness. And  few have had instances of an irregular heartbeat.

There can be some common sense solutions to some of the mild side effects. It is wise to consume a diet that is rich in potassium as this can help prevent a deficiency. A supplement can also help to keep levels in a normal range. If it causes dizziness or light-headedness when getting up after sitting or laying for a period of time, then getting up slowly can be a solution.

No one can anticipate any of these side effects. The main thing to do is to be aware of any changes in the body after beginning this regimen. It is important to note any physical changes and report them to the doctor who prescribed the medication. Also inform the physician of any other pharmaceutical products that are being taken, both prescription and over the counter. Bumex does not interact adversely with most drugs, but the doctor needs to be aware of any medications as a precaution. Staying aware can help prevent other types of complications.

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Precautions and Warnings Associated with Bumex

October 10th, 2011

As with all types of diuretics, there is always the potential that the body can become dehydrated or depleted of important electrolytes that are necessary for normal function. It is important then, that when taking Bumex extra care should be given to follow the doctor’s directions precisely. Always take the proper dose and stay on the prescribed schedule that was directed by the doctor.

Precautions

When taking Bumex potassium levels should be checked frequently and supplements taken if the levels are too low. Checking all the other electrolytes is imperative also to make sure that these levels do not drop too low and cause a more complicated condition. This is especially important on those who are consistently on a salt restricted diet.

Hyperuricemia is a very real possibility for those who are taking this medication on a consistent basis. This is because the diuretic effects can cause too much calcium to be excreted. Diuretics can also cause too much magnesium to be lost through the urinary process causing hypomagnesemia.

There have been some studies on the use of this particular medication which showed it does not directly affect glucose tolerance, growth hormone levels, plasma insulin or glucagon. However, the possibility of an effect on the body’s glucose metabolism does exist. Careful monitoring of patients who take this medication will help make sure that blood sugar levels stay in a healthy range.

Physicians should also carefully monitor for several possible conditions such as liver damage, idiosyncratic reactions or blood dyscrasias. These conditions have been reported in some foreign market research. Although it is not certain if Bumex was the direct cause, it is still better to keep a close eye on these levels.

Warnings

Although not tested on humans, some animal studies indicated that there is a potential of producing ototoxicity. While there are no specific results reported, since this medication is a diuretic it is suspected that it carries the same risks as other medications in its class.

Hypokalemia is a very real possibility associated with this pharmaceutical. Those who are being treated for conditions such as congestive heart failure, various types of renal malfunctions, or hepatic cirrhosis should take caution and keep a constant watch on blood levels. Taking supplemental potassium or spironolactone can help prevent hypokalemia in some patients.

Communication between patient and physician is imperative. The doctor should be informed about any conditions such as liver disease, diabetes gout or electrolyte conditions before taking Bumex.  Also inform doctors of allergies, especially allergies to sulfa drugs.

Cases have been cited where patients developed very low blood pressure. This is typical when the dosage is first being given. It is most likely to occur in those who are presently on dialysis or have congestive heart failure. Those patients who are experiencing diarrhea, vomiting or sweat profusely are also in danger of developing low blood pressure. It is very important to drink plenty of liquids while taking this medication.  Patients who experience gout can have more serious symptoms when taking Bumex.

 

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Is Bumex Safe for Pregnant or Lactating Women to Take?

October 5th, 2011

Bumex is a prescription medication that is used to treat cases of excessive water retention. Although the FDA deems this drug as safe, the female body undergoes many changes during and shortly after pregnancy. It is considered a Category C medicine for pregnancy. It can potentially harm the fetus.

The FDA has a system by which they classify medications according to the possible risks to the unborn child during pregnancy. Category C is a classification that is given to medications that have shown in animal studies to the animal fetus. However, it also means that there have not been any human studies done to date. It is up to the physician whether or not medicines with a Category C classification are to be discontinued by the physician because of pregnancy. If the physician thinks the risks to the mother are greater than the possibilities of damage to the fetus the medication may be continued during pregnancy.

In studies where animals were given very large doses this diuretic there was a marked increase of miscarriages. The studies conducted with animals have also revealed that Bumex tends to slow down the development and growth of the fetus. One argument the medical community offers is that it is not certain that animal and human bodies do not always respond the same way to the same medications.

There have been no controlled studies of the use of this drug in pregnant women. There have been a couple of unofficial investigations which have not shown any evidence that there are harmful effects on the fetus. However, the data does not indicate that there are no risks involved. The small investigations do not have sufficient data to deny or confirm any presence of harmful effects. However, the FDA’s conclusion is that pregnant women should not use the drug during pregnancy or breast feeding unless it is totally necessary for the safety of the mother.

Since it is not known if this drug passes through into breast milk during breast feeding, the manufacturer of the drug suggests that it be used with great caution and only under the direction of a doctor. There has been no research conducted to see if Bumex does indeed pass through into the mother’s milk during breast feeding. It is known, however, that other diuretics that are similar to this one do pass through into the breast milk. It is up to the discretion of the physician as to whether or not it should be taken. Close monitoring of the baby is necessary to watch for any side effects or changes in the baby.

The physician will have to consider each factor in a pregnant woman before determining if she should take this drug while pregnant or lactating. They will consider both the benefits for the mother as well as the risks involved for both the baby and the mother before recommending whether it is best in each particular pregnancy.

The safest alternative is to not take the drug during pregnancy or lactating. If a pregnancy occurs while taking Bumex the health care professional should be informed immediately.

 

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